The English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)
The outlawing of this barbaric sport coincided with the formation of the Kennel Club and the Black and Tan Terrier became popular as a show dog. At the first ever all breeds dog show there was a very decent entry of Black and Tan Terriers divided by weight. This weight division continued with two varieties of Black and Tan Terrier until the 1920s when they were split into two breeds, the larger Manchester Terrier and the smaller Black and Tan Terrier (Miniature).
The skeleton of a Black and Tan Terrier was found on the Mary Rose (King Henry VIII’s flagship) which capsized in 1545. The English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) (ETT) developed from the Old English Black and Tan Terrier and is closely related to the larger Manchester Terrier.
The ETT is fast and agile, the origins of this alert terrier date back to the rat pits a sport popular in the cities of Victorian England where they were placed a pit with a number of rats and bets were taken as to which dog would kill a certain number of rats in the fastest time.
Small dogs were highly prized with the ideal being to produce the smallest dog still capable of killing the most rats in the shortest time. In 1848 a black and tan terrier called Tiny (weighing just 5 1⁄2 pounds (2.5 kg)) is said to have killed 300 rats in less than an hour.
The name English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan) was adopted in 1962. Black and Tan Terriers of all sizes were exported to Canada and the USA, founding a population which was largely isolated from the European one until very recently.
In North America the two sizes were also split into two breeds until 1958 when declining numbers of the Standard Manchester Terrier prompted the American Kennel Club to re-define them as a single breed with two varieties; Standard and Toy.
The ETT is on the UK Kennel Club’s list of vulnerable breeds and to widen the gene pool they have opened the stud book allowing the North American Toy Manchester Terrier to be re-registered as English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) provided it is certified to be a Toy and not of the Standard variety.
- 2010 – 136 puppies bred per year
- 2011 – 95 puppies bred per year
- 2012 – 126 puppies bred per year
- 2013 – 115 puppies bred per year
- 2014 – 94 puppies bred per year
- 2015 – 78 puppies bred per year
- 2016 – 102 puppies bred per year